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Journal > SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) > DAMPAK PAJAK EKSPOR CPO TERHADAP BEBERAPA ASPEK INDUSTRI CPO INDONESIA: SIMULASI MODEL EKONOMETRIK (IMPACTS OF CPO-EXPORT TAX ON SEVERAL ASPECTS OF INDONESIAN CPO INDUSTRY: SIMULATION OF ECONOMETRIC MODEL)

 

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SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS)
Vol. 1, No. 2 Juli 2001
DAMPAK PAJAK EKSPOR CPO TERHADAP BEBERAPA ASPEK INDUSTRI CPO INDONESIA: SIMULASI MODEL EKONOMETRIK (IMPACTS OF CPO-EXPORT TAX ON SEVERAL ASPECTS OF INDONESIAN CPO INDUSTRY: SIMULATION OF ECONOMETRIC MODEL)
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
28 Nov 2012
 
To control domestic supply and price of crude palm oil (CPO) and cooking oil, thegovernment of Indonesia has imposed CPO-export tax since August 1994. As the CPO industry playsan important role in Indonesian economy, the imposition of the tax has perceived to have substantialimpacts on various aspects of the industry, such as on investment, production, trade, farm income, andwelfare distribution. In line of this issue, the main objective of this study is to assess these impactsusing an econometric model of the industry.The results of the study reveal that this export tax policy has inhibited the growth rate ofinvestment, production, export, and farm income. On the other hand, this policy has been an effectiveinstrument to control domestic CPO and cocking oil price. Moreover, this policy has caused asubstantial welfare transfer from producers to consumers and the government. To compromise theseconflicting impacts, an alternative CPO tax formula is also proposed within this paper.
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