Announcement
Starting on July 4, 2018 the Indonesian Publication Index (IPI) has been acquired by the Ministry of Research Technology and Higher Education (RISTEKDIKTI) called GARUDA Garba Rujukan Digital (http://garuda.ristekdikti.go.id)
For further information email to portalgaruda@gmail.com

Thank you
Logo IPI  
Journal > Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran > Hubungan Karakteristik Perawat dan Program Preceptorship terhadap Proses Adaptasi Perawat Baru

 

Full Text PDF (217 kb)
Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran
Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran
Hubungan Karakteristik Perawat dan Program Preceptorship terhadap Proses Adaptasi Perawat Baru
Gusnia, Sr. Sofia ( STIKes Borromeous)
CB, Nurmaida Saragih ( STIKes Borromeous)
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
14 Nov 2013
 
Sr. Sofia Gusnia, Nurmaida Saragih CBSTIKes BorromeousAbstrakPerawat baru merupakan perawat yang memasuki pengalaman baru yang sebelumnya tidak dialami. Transisi shock muncul sebagai pengalaman  dari peran yang sudah dikenal yaitu sebagai mahasiswa ke peran yang belum familiar yaitu sebagai perawat pelaksana profesional. Program pembimbingan perawat baru sangat penting untuk mempercepat proses adaptasi. Program preceptorship adalah pendekatan efektif dalam pengajaran klinik, merupakan bagian integral dari orientasi perawat baru.  Angka turnover perawat baru 3 tahun terakhir (2007–2009) di RS. A adalah antara 37%–59%, di RS. B dalam 3 tahun ini (2008–2010) adalah antara 2,6%–14,7 %. Sedangkan di RS. C dalam 2 tahun ini (2009–2010) adalah antara 14, 6 %–27%. Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui hubungan program preceptorship dan karakteristik perawat dengan proses adaptasi perawat baru. Desain penelitian deskriptif korelasi dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel penelitian 100 perawat baru. Instrumen digunakan adalah kuesioner. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa variabel karakteristik perawat yang meliputi lama kerja (p=0,004), konflik (p=0,000), Strategi koping (p=0,003), self efficacy (0,000) dan program preceptorship (0,002) berhubungan dengan proses adaptasi. Faktor dominan yang berhubungan dengan proses adaptasi adalah self efficacy dengan nilai OR 6,68. Program preceptorship dan karakteristik perawat (self efficacy (p=0,000), konflik (p= 0,003), dan lama kerja (p= 0,003) berhubungan dengan proses adaptasi perawat baru. Manajer keperawatan perlu menyediakan preceptor yang kompeten yang menjadi role model untuk meningkatkan self efficacy perawat baru sehingga membantu proses adaptasi. Kata kunci: Karakteristik perawat, program preceptorship, proses adaptasi The Correlation of Nurses’ Characteristics and The Preceptorship Program  with Novice Nurse AbstractNovice nurse is a nurse who have a new experience that had not previously experienced. Transition shock’ experience emerged cause of changing role from  the well-known role as a student into the unfamiliar role as professional nurses. Preceptorship program for the novice nurse is very important to speed up the process of adaptation. Preceptorship program is an effective approach in clinical teaching and an integral part of the orientation for novice nurses. Turnover rate of novice nurses in last 3 years (2007–009) in the Hospital A is between 37%–59%, in Hospital B in 3 years (2008–2010) is among 2.6%–14.7%. While in the Hospital C within 2 years (2009–2010) is among the 14, 6%–27%. The research aims to determine the correlation of preceptorship programs and the characteristics of nurses with the adaptation process of novice nurses. The study design used a descriptive correlation with the cross-sectional approach. The samples were 100 novice nurses. The instrument used was a questionnaire. The results show that the variables of nurses’ characteristics which includes length of working (p = 0.004), conflict (p = 0.000), coping strategies (p = 0.003), self-efficacy (0.000) and preceptorship program (0.002) are correlated with the process of adaptation. Dominant factor related to the adaptation process is self-efficacy with the OR 6.68. Preceptorship programs and the characteristics of nurses (self efficacy (p = 0,000), conflict (p= 0,003), and length of working (p= 0,003) correlated with the process of adaptation of the novice nurses.  Nursing managers need to provide a competent Preceptor who be able to become a role model for improving self-efficacy of novice nurses to assist their adaptation.Key words: Nurse characteristics, preceptorship program, process of adaptation
Copyrights © 2013