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Journal > JIKI > THE INFLUENCE OF ZINC SUPPLEMENTATION ON NUTRITIONAL STATUS AMONG CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARS OF AGE AT BLORA DISTRICT

 

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JIKI
Vol 1, No 1 (2011)
THE INFLUENCE OF ZINC SUPPLEMENTATION ON NUTRITIONAL STATUS AMONG CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARS OF AGE AT BLORA DISTRICT
Suharto, Suharto ( Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Sahid Surakarta Jalan Adi Sucipto No 154 jajar Surakarta 57144)
Saptaningrum, Epi ( Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Sahid Surakarta Jalan Adi Sucipto No 154 jajar Surakarta 57144)
Wijayanti, Krisdiana ( Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Sahid Surakarta Jalan Adi Sucipto No 154 jajar Surakarta 57144)
Sutarmi, Sutarmi ( Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Sahid Surakarta Jalan Adi Sucipto No 154 jajar Surakarta 57144)
Warijan, Warijan ( Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Sahid Surakarta Jalan Adi Sucipto No 154 jajar Surakarta 57144)
Hendromastuti, Adiati ( Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Sahid Surakarta Jalan Adi Sucipto No 154 jajar Surakarta 57144)
Kistimbar, Siti ( Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Sahid Surakarta Jalan Adi Sucipto No 154 jajar Surakarta 57144)
Prasetyo, Agus ( Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Sahid Surakarta Jalan Adi Sucipto No 154 jajar Surakarta 57144)
Abidin, Zaenal ( Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Sahid Surakarta Jalan Adi Sucipto No 154 jajar Surakarta 57144)
Mu’awanah, Mu’awanah ( Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Sahid Surakarta Jalan Adi Sucipto No 154 jajar Surakarta 57144)
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
12 Dec 2013
 
By age of five, children grow and develop in many areas, changing from clumsy toddlers into lively explorers of their world, so they need more nutrition in proportion of their body weight. Growth and development in adolescent is associated with a nutritional and health status during the preschool years. Indeed, the under nutritional status or malnutrition would cause the delayed growing and development especially, brain. So they need an adequate nutritious food to support this process, primarily protein and mineral. Protein is a vital dietary component for preschoolers, as it is needed for optimal growth and mineral as well. Furthermoremineral is important to make a balancing fluid an electrolyte. There are many kinds of mineral, one of them is zinc. Zinc is essential for proper development. It is needed for wound healing, propersense of taste, proper growth, and normal appetite. The aim of this study is to determine the influenceof zinc supplementation on nutritional status among children less than five years of age at BloraDistrict, Central Java. An experimental study method was conducted in this study. The respondents were chosen through a cluster sampling technique with a randomized sampling. A total 100 - preschool children from 10 preschools in Blora District was divided to be two  groups as a trial group (n=50) and control group (n=50). A trial group was given a zinc supplementation; the other group was given placebo a 6 days a week for 4 weeks. Pre and post test data was collected to measure theinfluence of giving a zinc supplementation. A t – test statistical analysis using a SPSS was applied to analyze the data. The results showed that there was a significantly influence between a zinc supplementation related to nutritional status among children under five years. A nutritional status pre zinc supplementation presented a low nutritional status, on the other hand given a zinc supplementation showed a significantly increased body weight. Furthermore there was no significantly improved body weight on children who given a placebo. It can be concluded that there was a significantly influence of giving zinc supplementation related tonutritional status among children under five years of age.
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