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Journal > CHEMISTRY PROGRESS > ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF PROPOLIS Trigona spp. FROM BUKITTINGGI WEST SUMATERA AGAINST Salmonella sp.

 

CHEMISTRY PROGRESS
Vol 4, No 2 (2011)
ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF PROPOLIS Trigona spp. FROM BUKITTINGGI WEST SUMATERA AGAINST Salmonella sp.
Hasan, A. E. Zainal ( Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Darmaga Campus, Bogor 16680, Indonesia)
Artika, I Made ( Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Darmaga Campus, Bogor 16680, Indonesia)
Fatoni, Amin ( Departement of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technique, Jenderal Soedirman University, Purwokerto 53123, Indonesia)
., Kuswandi ( Animal Husbandry Research Institute, Jalan Pajajaran, Bogor 16151, Indonesia)
Haryanto, Budi ( Animal Husbandry Research Institute, Jalan Pajajaran, Bogor 16151, Indonesia)
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
06 Dec 2012
 
Zaenal Hasan, A. E. et al. 2011. Antibacterial activity of propolis Trigona spp. from Bukittinggi West Sumateraagainst Salmonella sp. Propolis is a resinous hive product consists of exudates from plants mixed with beeswax and used by bees asglue. The objective of this study was to investigate the antibacterial activity of ethanol extract of Trigona spp.propolis collected from Bukittinggi West Sumatera on Salmonella sp. using agar well diffusion method. Thecompound group of the propolis was also investigated on the existence of alkaloids, flavonoids, saphonins,tannins, steroids, and terpenoids. Ethanol extract of Trigona spp. propolis showed antibacterial activity onSalmonella sp. with minimum inhibitory concentration of 0,87% (w/w). The compound groups detected inethanol extract Trigona spp. propolis were flavonoids and tannins, which suggests that the antibacterial activityof Trigona spp. propolis may be due to these compounds.Keywords: propolis, Trigona spp., Salmonella sp., antibacterialZaenal Hasan, A. E. et al. 2011. Aktivitas antibakteri propolis Trigona spp. dari Bukittinggi Sumatera Baratterhadap Salmonella sp. Propolis adalah produk resin sarang lebah yang mengandung cairan tumbuhan yang bercampur dengan lilinlebah dan bagi lebah digunakan sebagai perekat. Tujuan penelitiian ini untuk mengetahui aktivitas antibakteriekstrak etanol dari propolis Trigona spp. yang peroleh dari Bukittinggi Sumatera Barat terhadap Salmonella sp.Kelompok senyawa dalam propolis diuji terhadap keberadaan alkaloid, flavonoid, saphonin, tanin, steroid danterpenoid. Ekstrak etanol Propolis Trigona spp. menunjukkan aktivitas antibakteri terhadap Salmonella sp.dengan konsentrasi penghambatan minimum 0,87% (b/b). Golongan senyawa yang terdapat dalam ekstraketanol propolis Trigona spp. adalah flavonoid and tanin. Aktivitas antibakteri propolis Trigona spp. propolismungkin disebabkan oleh senyawa-senyawa tersebut.Kata kunci : propolis, Trigona spp., Salmonella sp. antibakteri
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