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Journal > Indonesian Journal of Chemistry > TRANSPORT OF Cr(III), Cd(II), Pb(II), AND Ag(I) IONS THROUGH BULK LIQUID MEMBRANE CONTAINING p-tert-BUTYLCALIX[4]ARENE –TETRAETHYLESTER AS ION CARRIER

 

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Indonesian Journal of Chemistry
Vol 8, No 1 (2008)
TRANSPORT OF Cr(III), Cd(II), Pb(II), AND Ag(I) IONS THROUGH BULK LIQUID MEMBRANE CONTAINING p-tert-BUTYLCALIX[4]ARENE –TETRAETHYLESTER AS ION CARRIER
Maming, Maming ( Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Hasanuddin University, Makassar)
Jumina, Jumina ( Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281)
Siswanta, Dwi ( Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281)
Firdaus, Firdaus ( Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Hasanuddin University, Makassar)
Sastrohamidjojo, Hardjono ( Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281)
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
17 Jun 2010
 
The study on transport of Cr(III), Cd(II), Pb(II), and Ag(I) through bulk liquid membrane using p-tert-butylcalix[4]arene-tetraethylester as ions carrier has been conducted. The aims of this work are to determine the optimum condition, efficiency, and selectivity of transport of the carriers for those ions. Both optimum condition and efficiency of transport were obtained by determination of the concentration of transported ions with variation of source phase pH, ion carrier concentration, the nature of stripping agent in the target phase, and transport time. The ion transport selectivity of ion carrier was obtained from the ions transport competition experiments using equimolar mixtures. The amount of Cr(III), Pb(II), Cd(II), and Ag(I  that was transported across liquid membrane was about 0, 10, 10 and 50 % respectively after 24 hours, except for Pb(II) (32 hours). The ion carrier is selective for Ag(I) where separation factor to Cd(II) was 16.0, that to Pb(II) was 42.8, and that to Cr(III) was infinite.   Keywords: transport,  calix[4]arene, efficiency, selectivity, bulk liquid membrane, heavy metals
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