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Journal > Wahana Elektronik Pendidikan Fisika > PENGARUH PENERAPAN METODE EXPERIMENTING AND DISCUSSION (ED) DALAM PEMBELAJARAN TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR FISIKA DAN SIKAP ILMIAH SISWA SMP

 

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Wahana Elektronik Pendidikan Fisika
Vol 1, No 3 (2013): WePFi
PENGARUH PENERAPAN METODE EXPERIMENTING AND DISCUSSION (ED) DALAM PEMBELAJARAN TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR FISIKA DAN SIKAP ILMIAH SISWA SMP
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
17 Dec 2015
 
ABSTRAK Pengaruh Penerapan Metode Experimenting and Discussion (ED) dalam Pembelajaran terhadap Hasil Belajar Fisika dan Sikap Ilmiah Siswa SMP Hasil belajar fisika pada tingkat SMP kelas VIII tampaknya masih rendah, dari hasil studi pendahuluan nilai rata-rata UTS siswa masih rendah, yaitu 5,2. Selain itu sikap ilmiah siswa masih minim berkembang, seperti sikap ingin tahu, teliti, kerjasama, berpikir kritis, dan objektif. Sehingga dilakukan penelitian untuk mengetahui bagaimana pengaruh metode Experimenting and Discussion  (ED) terhadap hasil belajar fisika dan sikap ilmiah siswa SMP. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif-deskriptif. Populasi penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas VIII SMPN 4 Bandung pada tahun ajaran 2012-2013 dengan sampel siswa kelas VIII-F sebagai kelas eksperimen dan kelas VIII-C sebagai kelas kontrol. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik purposive sample. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan adalah tes ranah kognitif berupa soal pilihan ganda 20 soal untuk pretest-posttest, angket sikap ilmiah diakhir pembelajaran pada kelas eksperimen, dan lembar observasi keterlaksanaan metode. Berdasarkan penelitian ini ternyata siswa yang mendapat pengaruh dari penerapan metode Experimenting and Discussion  (ED) mendapatkan hasil belajar fisika yang lebih baik dengan rata-rata 6,03 dibandingkan kelas konvensional dengan rata-rata 4,5 dan dari hasil uji T (Independent Sample T-Test) dengan taraf signifikansi 5%, ternyata nilai signifikansi nya 0,0000 atau lebih kecil dari 0,05, hal ini menunjukan dengan penerapan metode Experimenting and Disscussion (ED) dalam pembelajaran, berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap hasil belajar pada ranah kognitif.  Sikap ilmiah siswa dapat berkembang dengan baik, dengan pencapaian rata-rata 82% (sangat baik), meliputi aspek sikap ingin tahu, sikap bekerjasama, sikap refleksi kritis, sikap respek terhadap data, dan sikap ketekunan. Kata kunci : experimenting, discussion, hasil belajar, sikap ilmiah  ABSTRACT Influence The Experimenting and Discussion (ED) Method on Learning Outcomes of Physics and Scientific Attitudes at Junior High School Students Learning outcomes of physics at the junior high school in class VIII apparently still low, the results of a preliminary study of the average value of mid-semester students is still low at 5,2. Besides the scientific attitude of students was minimal developed, such as the curious attitude, meticulous, collaboration, critical thinking, and objectivity. So this research is to find out how to influence the Experimenting and Discussion (ED) method on learning outcomes of physics and scientific attitudes at junior high school students. This research is quantitative-descriptive. The population was students in class VIII Junior High School 4 Bandung in the academic year 2012-2013 with a sample of eighth-grade students as an experimental class F and class VIII-C as a control class. Sampling was conducted with a purposive sample technique. The instrument research that used was a cognitive domain test, it was a 20 multiple choice questions for the pretest-posttest, scientific attitude questionnaire was given at the end of learning of the experimental class, and observation sheets to evaluate methods ED. Based on this study, students who are under the influence of Experimenting and Discussion (ED) method get better learning outcome of physics with an average of 6.03 compared to the conventional class with an average of 4.5 and the results of  T- tests (Independent Sample T-Test ) with a significance level of 5%, it turns out its significance value of 0.0000 or less than 0.05, suggesting that the application of the experimenting and disscussion (ED) method in learning, significantly influence the cognitive learning outcomes. Scientific attitude of students was develop well, with average achievement 82% (very good), covering aspects curiosity, co-operation, critical reflection, respect for evidence, and perseverance. Keywords : experimenting, discussion, learning outcomes, scientific attitude
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