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Journal > Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research > DIVERSITY OF PLANT COMMUNITIES IN SECONDARY SUCCESSION OF IMPERATA GRASSLANDS OF EAST KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA

 

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Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research
Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research
DIVERSITY OF PLANT COMMUNITIES IN SECONDARY SUCCESSION OF IMPERATA GRASSLANDS OF EAST KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA
Yassir, Ishak ( Balai Penelitian Teknologi Sumber Daya Alam-Samboja, East Kalimantan)
Arbainsyah, Arbainsyah ( Eco Integrated Indonesia-Samboja, East Kalimantan)
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
31 Oct 2014
 
Regeneration of Imperata grassland areas is becoming increasingly important, both to create new secondary forest and to recover the original biodiversity. We studied the diversity of plant communities in secondary succession of Imperata grasslands using 45 subplots of 9 linear transects (10 m x 100 m). Data was collected and all stems over 10 cm dbh were identified  , the Importance Values Index (IVI) for all trees were calculated, saplings and seedlings were counted  and analysed, and soil samples were taken and analysed. Results showed that  after more than 10 years of regeneration, 65 families were encountered consisting of 164 species, which were dominated by Vernonia arborea Buch.-Ham, Vitex pinnata L., Macaranga gigantea (Reichb.f. & Zoll.) Muell.Arg., Symplocos crassipes C.B. Clarke, Artocarpus odoratissimus Miq., and Bridelia glauca Blume. The effects of regeneration, from Imperata grassland to secondary forest, on soil were the strongest in the A-horizon where an increase in carbon, N content, and pH were observed. Our result shows that Imperata grasslands appear to be permanent because of frequent fires and human interferences and so far few efforts have been made to promote sustainable rehabilitation. If protected from fire and other disturbances, such as shifting cultivation, Imperata grassland will grow and develop into secondary forest.
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