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Vol 12, No 1 (2010)
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
01 Apr 2012
Historically, Islamic theology ever became a soul of revolution that alleviated the Islamic empires to the most glorious civilization on the world. By the rationalized theological system, Islam succeeded in enlightening human thoughts. Ironically, the glory could not be maintained by past Muslim which caused the civilization went under and could not be able to compete with other raising civilizations. Theologically, the collapse of muslim civilization was caused by Muslim inability to cultivate the revolution spirit that lies within Islamic theological doctrines. The presence of Hassan Hanafi becomes a fresh air that blows the development of Islamic civilization by offering the concept of revolutionary theology. Hassan Hanafi’s construction of revolutionary theology focuses on four big steps covering (1) revitalization of the enrichment of classical Islam (Ihya al-turats al qidim), (2) responding the western challenges (tahadda al hadarah al gharbiyyah), (3) questing revolutionary elements within (islamic) religion (min al-din ila al trasurah), and (4) creating Islamic national integrity (wihdah al wathaniyyah al-islamiyyah). According to Hassan hanafi, the fundamental problem that existed in the system of classical theology was that the theology soared to the skyward and did not down to the earth as a discourse and an expression. Theology was directed to be a pure and theoretical knowledge that was disassociated from practical level. This brought about incapacity of ummah in applying moral values that authoritative Text consists.Kata Kunci : Teologi, Revolusioner
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