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Journal > Proceedings of Annual International Conference Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter > Optimization of cyclone geometry for maximum collection efficiency

 

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Proceedings of Annual International Conference Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter
Vol 1, No 2 (2011): Engineering
Optimization of cyclone geometry for maximum collection efficiency
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
30 Dec 2011
 
This paper presents the results obtained from the application of both computational fluid dynamics (CFD) Fluent 6.3 and Design Expert codes to modelling and optimizing a gas-solid cyclone separator based upon its geometrical parameters. A pre-processor software GAMBIT was employed to set up the configuration, discretisation, and boundary conditions of the cyclone.  A commercial CFD code FLUENT 6.3 was employed to simulate the flow field and particle dynamics in the cyclone. The optimization study was performed under either a constant gas inlet flow rate of 0.075 m3/s or a constant inlet gas velocity of 18 m/s. A response surface methodology with three levels (-1, 0, and +1) was employed as the experimental design. Independent variables to be optimized include the ratio of inlet gas width to diameter of the cyclone, W/D, the ratio of conical length to diameter, Lc/D and the ratio outlet diameter to cyclone diameter De/D. The response variables of collection efficiency and pressure drop were correlated in the forms of quadratic polynomial equations. The simultaneous optimization of the response variables has been implemented using a desirability function (DF) approach, computed with the aid of Design Expert software.  The results of investigation showed that at constant flow rate, the following optimum ratios of W/D =0,28, Lc/D =1,5,  and De/D =0,52 were obtained to give a collection efficiency of 90% and a pressure drop of 155 Pa. At the constant inlet gas velocity, the following optimum ratios of W/D =0,25, Lc/D =1,5,  and De/D =0,57 were obtained to give a collection efficiency of 90% and a pressure drop of 190 Pa. This findings indicate that gas inlet treatment at either constant flow rate or constant inlet gas velocity does not produce significant difference on the collection efficiency, but does give significant influence on the pressure drop.
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