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Journal > Jurnal Pascapanen Pertanian > EVALUASI EFEK KEMASAN PLASTIK TERHADAP DAYA SIMPAN BERAS (Evaluation on The Effects of Type of Plastics Packaging on The Storage Life of Rice)

 

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Jurnal Pascapanen Pertanian
Vol 11, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Penelitian Pasca Panen
EVALUASI EFEK KEMASAN PLASTIK TERHADAP DAYA SIMPAN BERAS (Evaluation on The Effects of Type of Plastics Packaging on The Storage Life of Rice)
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
04 Oct 2015
 
Beras merupakan komoditas penting karena merupakan makanan pokok sebagian besar penduduk Indonesia. Selama penyimpanan, beras dapat mengalami kerusakan karena pengaruh lingkungan, maupun serangan serangga hama pascapanen. Sitophilus oryzae merupakan serangga hama pascapanen yang banyak menyerang beras, menyebabkan susut bobot dan pencemaran kualitas selama penyimpanan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mempelajari pengaruh jenis kemasan terhadap kematian Sitophilus oryzae dan menentukan kemasan yang sesuai untuk penyimpanan beras. Tiga varietas beras lokal Kalimantan Tengah (Siam Jurut, Siam Unus dan Karang Dukuh) yang diinfestasi dengan Sitophilus oryzae dikemas dengan plastik “hermetik” laminat, polipropilen (PP) dan poli etilen densitas rendah (LDPE). Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa jenis plastik berpengaruh nyata pada kematian Sitophilus oryzae dalam kemasan. Total kematian Sitophilus oryzae dicapai setelah tiga hari dalam plastik “hermetik” laminat, tujuh hari dalam plastik PP. Sedangkan dalam plastik LDPE, total kematian dicapai setelah 20 hari penyimpanan.Kata kunci :beras, kemasan plastik, Sitophilus oryzae, penyimpananEnglish Version AbstractRice is an important agricultural commodity serves as staple food for most of Indonesian people. During storage, rice can be damaged due to environmental factors as well as postharvest pest. Sitophilus oryzae is insect pest that attacks rice during storage causing quantity and quality losses. The objective of this research was to study the effects of type of packaging on the S.oryzae mortality and determine the appropriate packaging for rice during the storage. Three varieties of Central Kalimantan local rice (Siam Jurut, Siam Unus and Karang Dukuh) that infested by S.oryzae were packaged using three types of packaging, i.e “hermetic” laminat, polypropilen (PP) and low density polyetylen (LDPE) plastics. The result of showed that the type of packaging significantly effected the S.oryzae mortality. Total mortality of S.oryzae reached after three days, seven days, and 20 days in hermetic, PP, LDPE respectively.Keywords :rice, plastics packaging, Sitphilus oryzae, storage
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