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Journal > Bisnis & Birokrasi Journal > Economic Sector Portfolio Optimization in the Commercial and Retail Segments

 

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Bisnis & Birokrasi Journal
##issue.vol## 22, ##issue.no## 1 (2015): January
Economic Sector Portfolio Optimization in the Commercial and Retail Segments
Diah Diana Sulistyorini ( Bogor Institute of Agriculture)
Sri Hartoyo ( Bogor Institute of Agriculture)
Trias Andati ( Bogor Institute of Agriculture)
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
21 Jan 2016
 
Abstract. Credit disbursement is an investment decision in the banking business. Therefore, the concept of "high risk high return" becomes the focus of banks in managing credit. One of the effort of these banks to manage risk and enhancing/ increasing returns is forming their portfolio. This research was conducted in one of the state banks in Indonesia, which has the goal of increasing lending in the retail and commercial segments. Single Index Model is used to find the optimal composition of the economic sector. This model recommends economic sectors into the portfolio on the basis of Excess Return to Beta, which represents the difference between the rates of return in the form of interest income with a risk-free asset returns, divided by beta sectors of the economy itself.  The results showed that the return portfolio can be improved and the risks derived using that approach. Banking business purpose is the return and growth so that the portfolio optimization needs to be supported with other parameters when the economic sectors that are not recommended put in a portfolio. Analysis of the performance of RAROC is a performance metric that of performance that computes net profit after adjusting for potential losses than capital allocation, can be used to help the formation of portfolios that received the return and risk are still in line with expectations. Keywords: credit, portfolio, risk and return, single index model   Abstrak. Penyaluran kredit merupakan investment decision dalam bisnis perbankan. Oleh sebab itu konsep " high risk high return" menjadi fokus perbankan dalam mengelola kredit. Salah satu upaya perbankan mengelola risiko dan meningkatkan return adalah membentuk portofolio. Penelitian ini dilakukan di salah satu bank pemerintah di Indonesia yang mempunyai target meningkatkan penyaluran kredit di segmen retail dan commercial. Single Index Model digunakan untuk mencari komposisi optimal dari sektor ekonomi. Model ini merekomendasi sektor ekonomi yang masuk ke dalam portofolio atas dasar Excess Return to Beta yang merupakan selisih antara tingkat return berupa pendapatan bunga dengan return asset bebas risiko (SBI) dibagi dengan beta sektor ekonomi itu sendiri. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa return porofolio dapat ditingkatkan dan risiko diturunkan dengan menggunakan pendekatan tersebut. Tujuan bisnis perbankan adalah return dan growth sehingga optimalisasi portofolio perlu didukung dengan parameter lain ketika sektor ekonomi yang tidak direkomendasikan dimasukkan ke dalam portofolio. Analisis RAROC yaitu suatu metrik kinerja yang menghitung keuntungan bersih setelah disesuaikan dengan potensi kerugian dibanding alokasi modalnya digunakan untuk membantu pembentukan portofolio sehingga return dan risiko yang diterima masih sesuai dengan harapan. Kata kunci: kredit, portofolio, risiko dan imbal hasil, single index model
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