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Journal > ATAVISME JURNAL ILMIAH KAJIAN SASTRA > Corak Realisme Sosialis dalam Hikayat Kadiroen Karya Semaoen (Socialist-Realism Pattern in Semaoen’s Hikayat Kadiroen)

 

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ATAVISME JURNAL ILMIAH KAJIAN SASTRA
Vol 19, No 1 (2016): ATAVISME, EDISI JUNI 2016
Corak Realisme Sosialis dalam Hikayat Kadiroen Karya Semaoen (Socialist-Realism Pattern in Semaoen’s Hikayat Kadiroen)
Suyatno, Suyono ( Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa)
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
30 Jun 2016
 
Selama ini ada anggapan bahwa dalam sejarah sastra Indonesia corak realisme sosialis hanya ada dalam masa Lekra (1950-1965), padahal novel Hikayat Kadiroen karya Semaoen yang terbit sebelumnya (1920) telah menunjukkan corak realisme sosialis. Oleh karena itu, masalah yang diangkat dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimanakah corak realisme sosialis dalam novel Hikayat Kadiroen karya Semaoen. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengungkap corak realisme sosialis dalam novel Hikayat Kadiroen karya Semaoen. Dengan menggunakan metode deskripsi analitis dan teori sastra Marxis penelitian ini menemukan bahwa novel Hikayat Kadiroen sarat dengan propaganda ideologi Marxis dan propaganda ideologi Marxis dalam karya sastra adalah ciri yang melekat pada karya sastra yang bercorak realisme sosialis. Dengan demikian, dapat disimpulkan bahwa tahun 1920 adalah awal munculnya realisme sosialis dalam sejarah sastra Indonesia.

Kata-Kata Kunci: Hikayat Kadiroen, propaganda Marxis, realisme sosialis

Abstract: All this time, there is a presumption that in the history of Indonesian literature, the socialist-realism pattern only existed in Lekra period (1950-1965), whereas Hikayat Kadiroen writ-ten by Semaoen published before (1920) had showed shades of socialist realism. Therefore, the issue that will be raised in this study is how the socialist realism pattern was described in Semaoen’s Hikayat Kadiroen? The aim of this study is to prove the shades of socialist realism in Hikayat Kadiroen. Using the analytical description method and Marxist literary theory, the study found out that Hikayat Kadiroen was full of Marxist ideology propaganda, and this Marxist ideology propaganda is the characteristic of literature with socialist realism shades. Thus, it can be concluded that 1920 was the beginning of the rise of socialist realism in the history of Indonesian literature.

Key Words: Hikayat Kadiroen, Marxist propaganda, socialist realism
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