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Journal > Jurnal AgroBiogen > Keragaman Genetika Empat Belas Aksesi Kentang (Solanum tuberosum L.) Berdasarkan Marka SSR dan STS (Genetic Diversity of Fourteen Potato Accessions Based on SSR and STS Markers)

 

Jurnal AgroBiogen
Vol 11, No 2 (2015): Agustus
Keragaman Genetika Empat Belas Aksesi Kentang (Solanum tuberosum L.) Berdasarkan Marka SSR dan STS (Genetic Diversity of Fourteen Potato Accessions Based on SSR and STS Markers)
Nugroho, Kristianto ( Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian, Jl. Tentara Pelajar 3A, Bogor 16111 Indonesia Telp. (0251) 8337975)
Reflinur, Reflinur ( Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian, Jl. Tentara Pelajar 3A, Bogor 16111 Indonesia Telp. (0251) 8337975)
Lestari, Puji ( Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian, Jl. Tentara Pelajar 3A, Bogor 16111 Indonesia Telp. (0251) 8337975)
Rosdianti, Ida ( Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian, Jl. Tentara Pelajar 3A, Bogor 16111 Indonesia Telp. (0251) 8337975)
Terryana, Rerenstradika T. ( Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian, Jl. Tentara Pelajar 3A, Bogor 16111 Indonesia Telp. (0251) 8337975)
Kusmana, Kusmana ( Balai Penelitian Tanaman Sayuran, Jl. Tangkuban Perahu 517, Kotak Pos 8413, Lembang 40391 Indonesia)
Tasma, I Made ( Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian, Jl. Tentara Pelajar 3A, Bogor 16111 Indonesia Telp. (0251) 8337975)
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
09 Aug 2016
 
Potato is one of high economically horticultural plant. The increasing of national consumption of potato becomes a challenge forpotato breeders. The success of breeding programs is depending on availability of genetic diversity. The aim of this research wasto analyze the genetic diversity of fourteen accessions of potato by using SSR and STS markers. PCR analysis was scored as binerdata and the collected data was analyzed using NTSYS and PowerMarker. The result showed that there were 63% polymorphic(12 markers) of total markers. As many as 60 alleles with the size of 200–500 bp were identified by a range of 2–9 alleles perlocus. The polymorphism level was 0.59 (0.36–0.74). Result also showed the average of major allele frequency was 49.42%(35.71–63.64%). Nine markers which have polymorphism level more than 0.5 could be used to detect genetic diversity of potato.The average of genetic diversity index was 0.65. Cluster analysis showed that 14 accessions of potato were split in two groups(coefficient 0.70). The first groups consisted of Atlantik, GM 05, Granola Kembang Merbabu 17, and the second groups consist ofRepita, Maglia, Medians, CIP397078.7, CIP392781.1, Margahayu, Granola, CIP394613.139, Amabile, and Tenggo. The informationof genetic diversity of this germplasm could be used as a preliminary basis for choosing crossing parents in potato breeding inIndonesia.
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