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Journal > AKULTURASI (JURNAL ILMIAH AGROBISNIS PERIKANAN) > KONTRIBUSI WANITA PENJUAL IKAN TERHADAP PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA DI PASAR BAHU KECAMATAN MALALAYANG KOTA MANADO

 

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AKULTURASI (JURNAL ILMIAH AGROBISNIS PERIKANAN)
Vol 3, No 5 (2015): (April 2015)
KONTRIBUSI WANITA PENJUAL IKAN TERHADAP PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA DI PASAR BAHU KECAMATAN MALALAYANG KOTA MANADO
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
13 Aug 2015
 
Abstract The Woman’s participation in working is not only for equality of rights but generally the reason why the woman is looking for a job is family need. This Research aims to know social economy condition of woman who sells fish depend on their age, education, experiences, and kinds of fish, fish handling, marketing, venture capital for woman income level, husband income level and how far influence the woman income for the family. This research has done in Bahu market, Malalayang District Manado City. The Researcher used study case and for the collecting data by survey and the data has taken by purposive sampling method. The result refers to social aspect of the woman who has dominant age around 25-50 and the highest formal education in senior high school are 7 people and the lowest formal education is elementary school are 7 people. The experience of working is 2-45 years old and skilled. Their houses are semi permanent. The sources of fish are bersehati market, Karombasan market, TPI Jati, Pantai Bahu, Pantai Malalayang, and Pantai Tanawangko with 9 kinds of fish and non fish. They use ice and salt for fish handling. For the capital they need Rp. 300,000-500,000 a day, Income for the woman who sells the fish is around Rp. 5,257,955 a month, whereas husband’s income is around Rp. 2,862,727 a month. Contribution of the woman who sells fish is 64.75% and the husband’s contribution is 35.25% Key words: contribution, woman, sells the fish, income Abstrak Partisipasi wanita tidak hanya menuntut persamaan hak, akan tetapi secara umum alasan perempuan bekerja adalah untuk membantu ekonomi keluarga. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari dan mengetahui sosial ekonomi wanita penjual ikan seperti umur, pendidikan, pengalaman, perumahan, sumber dan jenis ikan, penanganan ikan, pemasaran, modal usaha, tingkat pendapatan wanita penjual ikan dan tingkat pendapatan suami serta berapa besar kontribusi wanita penjual ikan terhadap pendapatan rumah tangga. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Pasar Bahu Kecamatan Malalayang Kota Manado. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dengan dasar studi kasus, pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan cara survei dan data diambil menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Hasil penelitian dilihat dari aspek sosial wanita penjual ikan memiliki umur dominan 25 - 50 tahun dengan pendidikan tertinggi yaitu SMA berjumlah 7 orang dan terendah yaitu SD berjumlah 7 orang. Pengalaman kerja 2 - 45 tahun dan cukup terampil, tipe rumah dominan semi permanen. Sumber ikan dari beberapa tempat yaitu Pasar Bersehati, Pasar Karombasan, TPI Jati, Pantai Bahu, Pantai Malalayang, dan Pantai Tanawangko dengan 9 jenis ikan dan non ikan. penanganan ikan menggunakan es dan garam. Dalam menjual ikan modal yang diperlukan Rp.300.000 - Rp.5.000.000 per hari, hasil pendapatan keseluruhan wanita penjual ikan rata-rata Rp.5.257.955 per bulan, sedangkan pendapatan suami rata-rata Rp.2.862.727 per bulan. Kontribusi wanita penjual ikan terhadap pendapatan rumah tangga sebesar 64,75% sedangkan kontribusi suami terhadap pendapatan rumah tangga sebesar 35,25%. Kata Kunci : kontribusi, wanita, penjual ikan, pendapatan
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