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Journal > Agrikultura > Potensi Air Sulingan Beberapa Bagian Tanaman Kopi sebagai Atraktan terhadap Hama Penggerek Buah Kopi (Hypothenemus hampeii Ferr.) di Laboratorium

 

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Agrikultura
Vol 27, No 2 (2016)
Potensi Air Sulingan Beberapa Bagian Tanaman Kopi sebagai Atraktan terhadap Hama Penggerek Buah Kopi (Hypothenemus hampeii Ferr.) di Laboratorium
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
08 Feb 2017
 
ABSTRACT Potency of Distilled Water of Several Parts of Coffee Plant as Attractant of Coffee Berry Borer (Hypothenemus hampeii Ferr.) in Laboratory Coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampeii Ferr.) is one of coffee plant pests, causing fruit damage up to 50 percent. One of control technicques to eliminate the adult female is the use of attractants obtained from parts of coffee plant. The aim of this research was to know the potency of distilled water of parts of coffee plant as attractant to control coffee berry borer. Research was done in the Laboratory of Entomology, Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran, from February to July 2015. Experiment was conducted in a Randomized Block Design. The treatments were control without distilled water (P0), coffee exocarp distilled water (P1), coffee berry distilled water (P2), coffee leaves distilled water (P3), and coffee branch distilled water (P4). Each treatment was replicated five times. The result showed that distilled water of coffee plant had a potency as attractant of coffee berry borer. Distilled water of coffee bean at the concentration of 4% had the strongest effect, attracting coffee berry borer of 8.8 female adult. The effectiveness of coffee plant distilled water in attracting coffee berry borer lasted three days. Keyword: Distilled water, Attractant, Coffee berry borer ABSTRAK Penggerek buah kopi (PBKo, Hypothenemus hampei Ferr.) merupakan hama utama tanaman kopi yang dapat menyebabkan kerusakan hingga 50%. Salah satu teknik pengendalian imago betina PBKo yang dapat dilakukan adalah dengan menggunakan senyawa atraktan yang terkandung di dalam bagian tanaman kopi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui potensi air sulingan bagian tanaman kopi sebagai atraktan terhadap hama PBKo. Percobaan dilakukan di Laboratorium Entomologi, Departemen Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Padjadjaran pada bulan Februari 2015 sampai dengan Juli 2015. Metode yang digunakan adalah eksperimen dengan Rancangan Acak Kelompok dengan perlakuan yaitu tanpa pemberian air sulingan (P0); air sulingan kulit buah kopi (P1), biji kopi (P2), daun kopi (P3), dan ranting kopi (P4) dengan konsentrasi masing-masing sebesar 2%, 4% dan 6%. Masing-masing perlakuan diulang sebanyak lima kali. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan air sulingan bagian tanaman kopi berpotensi sebagai atraktan terhadap hama PBKo. Rata-rata jumlah imago betina PBKo terbanyak yang tertarik yaitu pada air sulingan biji kopi pada konsentrasi 4% sebanyak 8,8 ekor betina. Masa aktif dari semua air sulingan yang berperan sebagai atraktan dalam menarik imago betina PBKo yaitu selama 3 hari. Kata kunci: Air sulingan, Aatraktan, Penggerek buah kopi
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