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Journal > Journal of Health Epidemiology and Communicable Diseases > Gambaran lingkungan air di wilayah endemis fasciolopsiasis Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Utara, Kalimantan Selatan

 

Journal of Health Epidemiology and Communicable Diseases
Vol 2, No 2 (2016): JHECDs Vol. 2 No. 2, Des 2016
Gambaran lingkungan air di wilayah endemis fasciolopsiasis Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Utara, Kalimantan Selatan
Annida, - ( Balai Litbang P2B2 Tanah Bumbu)
Setyaningtyas, Dian Eka ( Balai Litbang P2B2 Tanah Bumbu)
Fakhrizal, Deni ( Balai Litbang P2b2 Tanah Bumbu)
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
23 Mar 2017
 
Abstract.Fasciolopsiasis is a trematode worm disease of Fasciolopsis buski’s species, which is only endemic in some areas in Hulu Sungai Utara, South Kalimantan. Buski life cycle requires an intermediate host such as snails and plants that live in the aquatic environment. Fasciolopsiasis endemic areas in HSU is a marshy area, however not all regions that have the same characteristics or directly adjacent to an endemic area fasciolopsiasis. This research is a descriptive, aims to describe the aquatic environment through the parameters of temperature, acidity (pH), salinity, the value of Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), which supports buski’s habitation in endemic areas. Cross-sectional study design, and implemented in the village of Kalumpang Dalam, Sungai Papuyu, and Telaga Mas, in the month of June to September 2012. The results showed swamp water environment in the research site with a surface water temperature of 25oC, pH 6, salinity 0‰, DO value between 3,49-88,7 mg O2/L, BOD value between 0,05-3,64 mg O2/L, and COD values between 3,016- 39,51 mg O2/L, which indicate the presence of marshy water pollution and still found life freshwater snails as an intermediate host of F.buski : Lymnaea and IndoplanorbisKeywords : Fasciolopsis buski, fasciolopsiasis, swamp water, intermediate host, HSUAbstrak. Fasciolopsiasis adalah penyakit cacing trematoda dari spesies Fasciolopsis buski, yang hanya endemis di sebagian wilayah di Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Utara Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan. Siklus hidup buski memerlukan hospes perantara berupa keong dan tumbuhan yang hidup di lingkungan air. Wilayah endemis fasciolopsiasis di Kab. HSU merupakan wilayah berawa, namun demikian tidak semua wilayah yang mempunyai karakteristik sama ataupun berbatasan langsung merupakan daerah endemis fasciolopsiasis.Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif, bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran lingkungan air melalui parameter suhu, derajat keasaman (pH), salinitas, nilai Dissolved Oxygen (DO), nilai Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), dan nilai Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) yang mendukung habitat buski di wilayah endemis. Desain penelitian secara cross sectional, dan dilaksanakan di Desa Kalumpang Dalam, Desa Sungai Papuyu, dan Desa Telaga Mas, pada bulan Juni-September 2012. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan lingkungan air rawa di lokasi penelitian dengan suhu air permukaan 25oC, pH air 6, dan salinitas 0‰, nilai DO antara 3,49-88,7 mg O2/L, nilai BOD antara 0,05-3,64 mg O2/L, nilai COD antara 3,016-39,51 mg O2/L, yang menunjukkan adanya pencemaran air rawa dan masih ditemukan kehidupan keong air tawar sebagai hospes perantara pada F.buski yaitu keong jenis Lymnaea dan Indoplanorbis.Kata kunci : Fasciolopsis buski, fasciolopsiasis, air rawa, hospes perantara, HSU. 
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