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Journal > Journal of Health Epidemiology and Communicable Diseases > Keragaman Vektor Plasmodium knowlesi

 

Journal of Health Epidemiology and Communicable Diseases
Vol 3, No 1 (2017): JHECDs Vol.3, No.1, Juni 2017
Keragaman Vektor Plasmodium knowlesi
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
07 Aug 2017
 
Abstract.Plasmodium knowlesi is the fifth Plasmodium that can cause malaria in humans. Malaria knowlesi has quotidian cycle, consequently the parasite increases faster and can cause death. The purpose of this systematic review is to provide a description of the diversity of the P. knowlesi vectors. The method used was the search of articles indexed by Pubmed with keywords Vector Knowlesi and Malaria Knowlesi. A total of 948 articles were obtained from search results. After the selection, we obtained five articles for further analysis. The results of a systematic study show that vector P. knowlesi is recorded in two countries, namely Malaysia and Vietnam. In Malaysia, vectors are found in Kapit Serawak (An latens), in Kuala Lipis Pahang (An cracens), in Hulu Selangor (An introlatus), and in Kudat Sabah (An. balabacensis). In Vietnam, vectors are found in Khanh Phu (An. dirus). For each region, there were different species of mosquito leucosphyrus detected infected with P. knowlesi. The more dominant a species, the more likely it is to act as a vector.Keywords : Plasmodium knowlesi, vector, leucosphyrusAbstrak. Plasmodium knowlesi merupakan Plasmodium kelima yang dapat menyebabkan penyakit malaria pada manusia. Malaria knowlesi memiliki siklus quotidian, akibatnya pertambahan parasit lebih cepat dan dapat berakibat fatal bagi penderitanya. Tujuan telaah sistematik ini adalah untuk memberikan gambaran keragaman vektor penular P. knowlesi. Metode yang digunakan adalah penelusuran artikel yang diindeks oleh Pubmed dengan kata kunci Vektor Knowlesi dan Malaria Knowlesi. Sebanyak 948 artikel didapat dari hasil penelusuran dan setelah dilakukan seleksi diperoleh lima artikel untuk dianalisis lebih lanjut. Hasil telaah sistematik menunjukkan bahwa vektor P. knowlesi tercatat di dua negara, yaitu Malaysia dan Vietnam. Di Malaysia, yaitu di Kapit Serawak (An. latens), di Kuala Lipis Pahang (An. cracens), dan di Hulu Selangor (An. introlatus), dan di Kudat Sabah (An. balabacensis). Sedangkan di Vietnam, vektor ditemukan di Khanh Phu (An. dirus). Untuk setiap wilayah, spesies nyamuk leucosphyrus yang terdeteksi positif P. knowlesi berbeda. Semakin banyak jumlahnya, semakin besar kemungkinan berperan sebagai vektor.Kata kunci : Plasmodium knowlesi, vektor, leucosphyrus
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