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Journal > Journal of Medicine and Health > Cytopathology Lymphadenopathy Feature in HIV Positve Patient: Diagnosis Tools Comorbidities


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Journal of Medicine and Health
Vol 1, No 3 (2016)
Cytopathology Lymphadenopathy Feature in HIV Positve Patient: Diagnosis Tools Comorbidities
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
28 Feb 2016
Lymphadenopathy is enlarged lymph nodes caused by infection, inflammation or malignancy. On HIV positive patients, lymphadenopathy is one of the most common clinical manifestations and it is usually persistent. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is an effective cytology technique in determining the diagnosis of lymphadenopathy. This study aimed to describe the cytopathology of lymphadenopathy in HIV positive patients. This is a descriptive study of 21 cases of lymphadenopathy in patients with HIV positive who underwent FNAB examination in Anatomical Pathology Department of Dr.Hasan Sadikin Hospital between 2013-2014. Medical data was taken from the patient medical records including age, sex, location, size and cytopathological diagnosis. Cytopathology overview of FNAB specimens were reassessed by 2 pathologists. In this study, lymphadenopathy in HIV positive patients were mainly found in men (n = 15.71%) with an average age between 20-30 years. The most frequent location was the neck (n = 20.95.2%). The lymph nodes size were found between 0.5-3 cm. Most diagnosis was tuberculous lymphadenitis (n = 15.71%) with the most common cytology feature was granulomatous lymphadenitis (n = 5.33.3%) and suppurative lymphadenitis (n = 5.33.3%). FNAB examination in lymphadenopathy is very helpful to identify the cause of infection in HIV positive patients. Keywords: FNAB, HIV, lymphadenopathy, cytopathology
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