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Journal > MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Forest Management > Efektivitas Kelembagaan Lokal dalam Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Hutan pada Masyarakat Rumahkay di Seram Bagian Barat, Maluku (The Effectiveness of Local Institution in Forest Resources Management in Rumahkay Community, Western Seram District, Maluku)

 

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MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Forest Management
Vol 17, No 2 (2011)
Efektivitas Kelembagaan Lokal dalam Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Hutan pada Masyarakat Rumahkay di Seram Bagian Barat, Maluku (The Effectiveness of Local Institution in Forest Resources Management in Rumahkay Community, Western Seram District, Maluku)
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
31 Jan 2012
 
Debate on the role of local institution in ensuring natural resources sustainability was re-tested in this research.The local institution in question consisted of kewang, church, and sasi darat (rules) being practiced in themanagement of dusun (forest) in Rumahkay village.  This study described the effectiveness of local institution inthe sustainable management of dusun under various types of property rights i.e. dusun dati, dusun negeri, dusunpusaka, and dusun parusahaan. Case study method was used in this research.  Data were collected throughsemi-structured interview, participant observation, field observation, dusun stand measurement, and focus groupdiscussion (FGD). The results of this study showed that Rumahkay community had for generations categorizedtheir forest and regulated the rights of ownership and their utilizations through institutional development suchas sasi negeri and kewang based upon mata rumah i.e. mata rumah anakele, anauweng, and anarete. While SasiGereja complemented kewang institution to be very effective in rules enforcement based on understanding, trust,and obedience.  Overall, the strong local institution had been able to enhance the performance of dusun asshown by the vegetation density in dusun dati, dusun negeri, dusun pusaka, and dusun parusahaan.Keywords: local institution effectiveness, dusun management, forest performance, kewang, sasi
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