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Journal > International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) > UTILIZATION OF NEAR REAL-TIME NOAA-AVHRR SATELLITE OUTPUT FOR EL NIÑO INDUCED DROUGHT ANALYSIS IN INDONESIA (CASE STUDY: EL NIÑO 2015 INDUCED DROUGHT IN SOUTH SULAWESI)

 

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International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES)
Vol 13, No 2 (2016)
UTILIZATION OF NEAR REAL-TIME NOAA-AVHRR SATELLITE OUTPUT FOR EL NIÑO INDUCED DROUGHT ANALYSIS IN INDONESIA (CASE STUDY: EL NIÑO 2015 INDUCED DROUGHT IN SOUTH SULAWESI)
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
02 Jun 2017
 
Drought is becoming one of the most important issues for government and policy makers. National food security highly concerned, especially when drought occurred in food production center areas. Climate variability, especially in South Sulawesi as one of the primary national rice production centers is influenced by global climate phenomena such as El Niño Southern Oscillation or ENSO. This phenomenon can lead to drought occurrences. Monitoring of drought potential occurrences in near real-time manner becomes a primary key element to anticipate the drought impact. This study was conducted to determine potential occurrences and the evolution of drought that occurred as a result of the 2015 El Niño event using the Vegetation Health Index (VHI) from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) satellite products. Composites analysis was performed using weekly Smoothed and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (or smoothed NDVI) (SMN), Smoothed Brightness Temperature Index (SMT), Vegetation Condition Index (VCI), Temperature Condition Index (TCI), and  Vegetation Health Index (VHI).  This data were obtained from The Center for Satellite Applications and Research (STAR) - Global Vegetation Health Products (NOAA) website during 35-year period (1981-2015). Lowest potential drought occurrences (highest VHI and VCI value) caused by 2015 El Niño is showed by composite analysis result. Strong El Niño induced drought over the study area indicated by decreasing VHI value started at week 21st. Spatial characteristic differences in drought occurrences observed, especially on the west coast and east coast of South Sulawesi during strong El Niño. Weekly evolution of potential drought due to the El Niño impact in 2015 indicated by lower VHI values (VHI < 40) concentrated on the east coast of South Sulawesi, and then spread to another region along with the El Nino stage.   
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