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Journal > Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan > PENGETAHUAN, PENGALAMAN, PANDANGAN, DAN POLA PENCARIAN PENGOBATAN TENTANG PENYAKIT MALARIA DI DAERAH HIPER ENDEMIK MIMIKA TIMUR IRIAN JAYA

 

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Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan
Vol 22, No 3 Sept (1994)
PENGETAHUAN, PENGALAMAN, PANDANGAN, DAN POLA PENCARIAN PENGOBATAN TENTANG PENYAKIT MALARIA DI DAERAH HIPER ENDEMIK MIMIKA TIMUR IRIAN JAYA
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
05 Sep 2012
 
Socio-antropological, bio medical and entomological studies have been conducted to know the malaria situation in a hyper-endemic area in Irian Jaya. This paper is a report on the results of sociological studies especially knowledge, attitude and behaviour of the community concerning malaria. Data were collected from the villages of Hiripau, Kaugapu, Mwapi, Kwamki Lama through observation and interviews using questionnaires. Results showed that 25.4 to 77.8% of the respondents finished elementary schools only. Their knowledge about malaria was generally adequate as could be observed from the results of their interviews : 94.4% to 97.4% of the respondents have known about malaria, between 79.5% and 96.6% knew that fever is a symptom of malaria, between 41.3% and 52.6% believed that transmission of malaria was through mosquito bites. However a low percentage (10.2% - 22.0%) stated that transmission of malaria was through consumption of unprotected food. Experience/opinion of the community about malaria was generally adequate which could be observed from people who have experienced the malaria disease themselves. Between 93.9% and 98.4% of respondents stated that they have ever had malaria. Between 78.3% and 91.4% stated that malaria illness disturbed their daily activities and between 97.2% to 100.0% were unable to work.Between 28.2% to 77.2% did not agree about the opinion that the disease was more prevalent in children than in adults. Between 76.9% and 95.2% of respondents did not agree about the opinion that people who have had the disease, would not contract the disease anymore. Between 88.5% and 95.9% agreed that malaria is dangerous. Practice for seeking medicine and treatment through health services was still low since 22.4% to 78.3% of the respondents were practicing selftreatment as first action As second action in case they were not cured was to visit the health services (40.0% to 87.0% of the respondents). Between 41.9% and 58.6% of the respondents went to health services for medical treatment after being ill for 2 days; and between 32.0% and 69.4% of married couples were treating their family members themselves.
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