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Journal > Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan > EFEK INTERVENSI PENDIDIKAN BERBASIS SEKOLAH TERHADAP TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN TENTANG PENCEHAGAN KEGEMUKAN DI ANTARA ANAK-ANAK USIA 9-10 TAHUN Di KOTA BANDUNG

 

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Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan
Vol 31, No 2 (2008)
EFEK INTERVENSI PENDIDIKAN BERBASIS SEKOLAH TERHADAP TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN TENTANG PENCEHAGAN KEGEMUKAN DI ANTARA ANAK-ANAK USIA 9-10 TAHUN Di KOTA BANDUNG
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
11 Nov 2012
 
Effect of School-Based Educational Interventions On The Level of Obesity Preventions Knowledge Among 9-10 Year-Old Children In Bandung City.Background: The prevalence of obesity in Indonesia shows an increasing trend. A survey among adults in 12 major cities in Indonesia shows the prevalence of obesity in adult is more then 20%. The prevalence among school age children is 6.0%. Obesity in childhood is known to be an independent risk factor for adult obesity.Objectives: To assess the effect of school-based educational intervention on the level of obesity preventions knowledge, among elementary school-aged children.Methods: This study having non-control group pre- and post-test design was based in three Bandungs Elementary Schools in 112 children aged 9 to 10 years. The three schools were selected from six Bandungs Elementary Schools having both high socio-economic status and more obese children based on the Office of Basic Education. The intervention schools drawn from SDN M5 included 39 children gave the Obesity Preventions booklet by their teacher for their parent (Group A), SD P1 36 children gave the booklet for themselves (Group B), and SD P2 37 children gave the booklet for their parent and themselves (Group C). All children were measured their weight and height and were interviewed using structured questionnaire that covered their characteristics and the five topics about obesity (definition, causes, consequences, how to identify, and how to weight control). Data were analyzed descriptively and tested by Chi-square and t-tests.Results: At baseline, most of children (>90%) had less of knowledge in the obesity prevention. After intervention, only the Group B & C had significantly increase in the knowledge (p<0.05). However, between the two groups, the Group C was more effective in increasing the knowledge.Conclusion: Educational intervention giving the Obesity Preventions booklet by teacher to school children and their parents was more effective in increasing the knowledge of obesity preventions.Keywords: obesity prevention, school-aged children, school-based, educational-intervention, parent.
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