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Journal > Aspirator > FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PEMBELIAN OBAT MALARIA DI WARUNG

 

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Aspirator
Vol 5, No 1 Jun (2013)
FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PEMBELIAN OBAT MALARIA DI WARUNG
Nizar, Muhamad ( Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Musi Rawas, Sumatera Selatan)
Taviv, Yulian ( Loka Litbang P2B2 Baturaja, Badan Litbang Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan RI)
Sembiring, Terang Uli ( Poltekkes Depkes, Medan)
Hakim, Lukman
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
13 Aug 2013
 
Abstract. About 80% of Indonesia populations lived in malaria endemic areas. AMI reported to date is still high, on the other side of the MDG targets is to reduce AMI (< 5/1000 populations in 2015), while the elimination of malaria in Sumatra is expected on 2020. According to Riskesdas 2007, the malaria suspected who utilizing health services is remains low (<2%), whereas people who utilizing the general health care facilities is 48.7%. The study has been conducted to analyze the factors that influence the use of malaria drugs purchased in the stall. This study was using a quantitative approach. The chi-square and logistic regression test was used to analyzed the independent variables (age, sex, duration of illness, work, and education level) against variable dependent (purchasing of malaria drugs in the stall). A cross-sectional study was done with inclusive criterias: fever >38 ° C, chills, cold sweating, headache, and muscle pain or splenomegaly at 4 health centers in January to April 2011. Interview was assigned to 220 respondents; 53.2% of respondents aged over 40 years, predominantly female (52.7%). In general, respondents have a job (66.4%) with low educational level (81.8%), and 67.7% get a pain less than 4 days. Results shows that occupation factor is significantly related to drug purchasing behavior (p = 0.003). Model of risk factors that influencing malaria drug purchases in the stall is the kind of work that is influenced by the low education level (p-value = 0.003) with odds ratio is 15.5%.   Keywords: malaria medicine, occupation, educational level, stall Abstrak. Hampir 80% penduduk di Indonesia bertempat tinggal di daerah endemis Malaria. Sampai saat ini Annual Malaria Index (AMI) masih dilaporkan tinggi padahal sasaran Millennium Development Goal (MDG) menurunkan AMI menjadi 5 per 1000 penduduk tahun 2015 dan eliminasi malaria di Sumatera tahun 2020. Hasil Riskesdas 2007 menunjukkan suspek malaria yang memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan masih sangat rendah (< 2%); secara umum pemanfaatan sarana pelayanan kesehatan sekitar 48,7%. Sehubungan dengan itu, penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis faktor yang mempengaruhi pembelian obat malaria di warung. Studi ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan uji statistik chi-square dan regresi logistik terhadap variabel independen (umur, jenis kelamin, lama sakit, pekerjaan, dan tingkat pendidikan) dengan pembelian obat  malaria di warung. Rancangan studi adalah cross sectional dengan kriteria inklusif: demam > 38°C, menggigil, ada keringat dingin, sakit kepala maupun nyeri otot atau splenomegali di 4 puskesmas selama Januari- April 2011. Dua ratus dua puluh sampel diwawancara: 53,2% responden ( > 40 tahun), perempuan lebih dominan (52,7%). Pada umumnya, responden bekerja (66,4%) dengan tingkat pendidikan rendah (81,8%) dan sakit < 4 hari (67,7%). Analisis menunjukkan faktor pekerjaan secara signifikan berhubungan dengan perilaku pembelian obat di warung (p = 0,003). Model faktor risiko yang mempengaruhi pembelian obat malaria di warung adalah jenis pekerjaan yang dipengaruhi oleh tingkat pendidikan rendah (p = 0,003; OR = 15,5%). Kata Kunci: obat malaria, pekerjaan, tingkat pendidikan, warung
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