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Journal > Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) > Inokulasi Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskula (FMA) dan Pemupukan P dalam Meningkatkan Hasil dan Mutu Benih Cabai (Capsicum annuum L.)

 

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Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy)
Vol 38, No 3 (2010): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Inokulasi Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskula (FMA) dan Pemupukan P dalam Meningkatkan Hasil dan Mutu Benih Cabai (Capsicum annuum L.)
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
14 Feb 2011
 
The research was carried out to investigate the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and phosphorus fertilizer on yield and  seed quality of two genotypes of hot chilli pepper. The experiment was arranged in split-split  plot with randomized block design, each with 3 replicates. The main plot was two pepper genotipes of Laris and Tegar, the sub plot was two AMF i.e without AMF and inoculation Mycofer AMF, the sub-sub  plot was four dosages of phosphorus fertilizer, they are 0, 100, 125, and 150 kg P2O5ha-1.  Results showed that (1)  genotype and  AMF significantly affected plant height; (2) genotypes interacted with AMF in affecting fruit and seed production; (3) interaction among genotip, AMF and  phosporus fertilizer affected N, P, K content of seed, and N, P, K absorption of seed.  For Laris, N absorpstion increased by 57,70%, P absorpstion increased by 155%, K absorpstion increased by 44.27%, whereas of Tegar  genotype  the N absorpstion increased by 61.50%, P absorpstion increased by 69.30%, K absorpstion increased by 60.61%. The germination rate  and seedling growth rate  of the two genotype are only affected by the application of P fertilizer. The index vigor of Laris and Tegar  was only affected by  both AMF and  P fertilizer application.   Keywords: AMF, fertilizer, seed quality, Mycofer
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