Announcement
Starting on July 4, 2018 the Indonesian Publication Index (IPI) has been acquired by the Ministry of Research Technology and Higher Education (RISTEKDIKTI) called GARUDA Garba Rujukan Digital (http://garuda.ristekdikti.go.id)
For further information email to portalgaruda@gmail.com

Thank you
Logo IPI  
Journal > Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia > PROGRESS RESEARCH OF TEMOELAWAK (CURCUMA XANTHORRIZA ROXB.) TO PROVIDE HEALTHY PLANTING MATERIAL BY IN VITRO CULTURE

 

Full Text PDF (7,246 kb)
Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia
Vol 3, No 2 Des (2010)
PROGRESS RESEARCH OF TEMOELAWAK (CURCUMA XANTHORRIZA ROXB.) TO PROVIDE HEALTHY PLANTING MATERIAL BY IN VITRO CULTURE
Hadipoentyanti, Endang ( Indonesian Medicinal and Aromatic Crops Research Institute)
Syahid, Sitti Fatimah ( Indonesian Medicinal and Aromatic Crops Research Institute)
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
07 Feb 2013
 
Temoelawak (Curcuma xaruborrbiza Roxb) is one of medicinal crop which is potential to be developed. Plant rhizome contain starch, protein, fixed oil, curcumin and cellulose. In order to support the development of medicinal crops, Indonesian Medicinal and Aromatie Crops Research Institute (IMACRI) has condueted several research of temoelawak using i n vitro culture related to prepare of the healthy planting material. The experiments was condueted from January 2002 to january 2007. The research contains six steps i.e: 1) Preparing the healthy plantlet by in vitro culture,2) Acclimatization of plantlet at the green house, 3) Observation on growth and production of temoelawak from in vitro culture, 4) The effeet of rhizome weight on growth and production of ternoelawak from in vitro rhizome at the first generation, 5) Response of the second generation of temoelawak derived from in vitro culture on fertilizer and 6) The effect of paclobutrazol on the growth of temoelawak during in vitro conservation. The result show that: 1) The best medium to produce the healthy shoots in vitro was MS + BA 15 mg! 1. 2) The plantlet from in vitro culture grew well on the mixture of soil and ashes husk (L: 1) at the green house. 3) The growth percentage of plant were 100% on ten months.The growth and rhizorne performance were similar with the parent. 4) The highest rhizome produced by the weighty rhizome as a source planting material. 5) Fertilizer treatment did not significantly increase the number of tiller, plant height, leaf number, length and rhizome diameter compared with control, but significantly increase the leaf width, stem coll, weight, length, width and the number of main rhizome. The highest curcumin content was performed by without fertilizer. 6) Paclobutrazol at 3.0 mg/l could reduce the plant growth during seven months in conservation period. Culture can regenerate normally after transferring into the multiplication medium. The technique can be applied to prolong the conservation culture.
Copyrights © 2013