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Journal > Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association > Ethical Use of Animals in Medical Research


Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association
Vol. 63 No. 3 March 2013
Ethical Use of Animals in Medical Research
Ridwan, Endi ( Faculty of Medicine University of Indonesia/ Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta)
Article Info   ABSTRACT
Published date:
31 Mar 2013
Test material (drug) which will be utilized in humans must pass complete test in the laboratory and continue with animal studies to determine its appropriateness and safety.Animal experiment is required in order to observe and assess the reactions and interactions of all test materials provided, as well as their impacts completely and deeply. Appropriateness of the use of experimental animals in research must be assessed by comparing the risks faced by animal experiments with their potential benefits for humans. Any research using experimental animals ethically should apply the general principles of health research ethics and principles of the 3 R’s: replacement, reduction and refinement. The way treating experimental animals should be outlined in detail as study protocol to serve as informed consent in humans. J Indon Med Assoc. 2013;63:112-6Keywords: animal experiments, research ethics, risks, benefits
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